Program Goal and Outcomes
Program Goal: To prepare students to start and operate a child care business.
Upon completion of the program, students will be able to:
- Know how to supervise and monitor the safety of children in their care
- Understand the preparation of meals and snacks, helping children keep good hygiene, changing diapers, and sanitizing toys and play equipment
- Know how to organize activities and implement a curriculum that allow children to learn about the world and explore interests; support children's emotional and social development, encouraging understanding of others and positive self-concepts
- Understand the creation of schedules and routines that ensure that children have enough physical activity, rest, and playtime
- Recognize signs of emotional or developmental problems in children and bring the problems to the attention of parents
- Understand the keeping of records of children’s progress, routines, and interest, including daily observations and information about activities, meals served, and medications administered
- Know how to communicate with children's parents or guardians about daily activities, behaviors, and related issues
Instruction Set 1
Starting Your Program
Succeed by learning how to use your Penn Foster program. Understand how to use your Student Portal, including your My Homepage and My Courses pages; access the Penn Foster Community and use it to find answers; and connect with Penn Foster on various social media sites.
Contemporary Child Care
The increasing demand for child care; benefits of quality child care; types of child care, including in-home care, family day care, and center-based care; meeting licensing requirements - providing a safe and healthy environment; managing staff.
Instruction Set 2
Child Development, Part 1
An overview broken down into birth-6 months, 6-12 months, 12-18 months, 18-36 months, 3-5 years; details on social, emotional, physical, and intellectual development.
Child Development, Part 2
The stages of growth and tips on developing a learning environment for children in kindergarten, ages 6-8, and ages 9-12.
Practical Exercise: Reflection and Observation
Supplement: Student Observation Guide
Learning Aid: Ages and Stages Chart
Instruction Set 3
How to Start Your Child Care Facility: Basic Steps
Assessing community needs; licensing requirements, making a business plan; insurance; planning space (indoor and outdoor).
Licensing, Accreditation, Certification
General licensing procedures and agencies; areas of regulation; director's responsibilities; steps in the licensing process; accreditation of child care programs and facilities; certification of child caregivers.
Practical Exercise: Local Standards and Regulations
Instruction Set 4
Government regulations - zoning and safety; analyzing space requirements for in-home and center-based care.
Roles and qualifications of personnel; hiring personnel; physical exam and fingerprinting; work schedule and responsibilities; vacations, holidays, and sick leave; staff meetings; trial employment period; termination procedures.
Computers in Day Care
Introducing children to the world of computers; educational and fun activities that can be done using the computer.
Practical Exercise: Facilities and Staff
Instruction Set 5
The purpose of program planning. Curriculum planning and content planning.
Planning and Implementing for the Environment
Preparing environments that promote program goals; grouping children; selecting and purchasing equipment.
The relationship between guidance and discipline; applying your knowledge of child behavior and development; styles of adult-child interaction.
Inclusive education; principles of inclusion; building tolerance and acceptance; children with special needs; assessing and adapting the environment to create one that promotes respect.
Practical Exercise: Program, Environment, and Guidance
Supplement: Activities for Infants and Toddlers
Learning Aid: Creating Environments for Learning & Play
Instruction Set 6
Caring for School Age Children
Caring for school-age children; outdoor and indoor games; visual arts; music and movement; drama; science in after-school care; math.
Working with Parents
Parents' legal rights; communication with parents including orientation; visits to facility, and oral and written communications; parent participation; parent education.
Financing and Budget
Estimating costs including general and specific cost factors; estimating income; balancing the budget; other financial responsibilities.
Practical Exercise: Parents, Finances, and School-Age Children
Supplement: Master Forms for Day Care Facility
Textbook: Caring for School-Age Children
Instruction Set 7
Health, Safety, and Nutrition for the Young Child
Promoting good health; health appraisals; health assessment tools; conditions affecting children's health; creating a safe environment; safety management; management of accidents and injuries
Practical Exercise: Health, Safety, and Nutrition
Textbooks: Health, Safety, and Nutrition for the Young Child
• Poison Antidote Slide Guide
• Children's First Aid Slide Guide