Program Goal and Outcomes
Program Goal: The program provides students with the necessary skills for entry into the field of drafting. Upon completion of the course, students will be able to create mechanical and architectural drawings, both by hand and using AutoCAD software.
Upon completion of the program, students will be able to:
- Be familiar with the basic techniques used in sketching and with occupations that use drafting language
- Complete drawings using orthographic projection, points of view, and shape descriptions
- Know the techniques of lettering, and recognize the lines used in mechanical and architectural drawings as well as the representation of math operations in drafting
- Understand the use of drafting vocabulary, geometry, and instruments in the layout of drafting problems and geometric designs
- Describe size and shape using the regular views of drafting and the principal views of orthographic projection
- Work with various views, projections, tolerancing techniques, dimensions, and control frames
- Complete working drawings and become familiar with the capabilities, applications, and development of computer software drawing programs
- Understand the capabilities, applications, and development of AutoCAD and use it to draw basic objects using lines, circles, and arcs
- Become proficient with the advanced applications of the software including plotting/printing, drawing file storage and sharing, software personalization, and basic 3D modeling.
- Prepare an AutoCAD drawing representing a plat map of a subdivision, using blocks, layers, linetypes, and annotations
- Prepare complete sets of architectural and civil drawings for a site plan, transit lines, and plans and profiles from survey information
- Prepare complete HVAC drawings, electrical diagrams and cable assemblies, industrial electrical schematics, and electronic block and schematic diagrams
Instruction Set 1
Starting Your Program
Succeed by learning how to use your Penn Foster program. Understand how to use your Student Portal. Access the Penn Foster Community and use it to find answers. Connect with Penn Foster on various social media sites.
The Drafter's World Language
Basic techniques used in sketching; occupations that use the drafter's world language.
Instruction Set 2
Size and Shape Description
Orthographic projection; points of view and shape descriptions.
Introduction to Computer-Aided Design and Drafting (CADD)
Use of basic CADD equipment; coordinate systems and various software features used with CADD programs.
Project Booklet - Spatial Relationship
• Appendices and Glossary
• How to Use Your Architect Scale
• How to Use Your Mechanical Drafting Scale
• How to Use Your Civil Engineer Scale
• How to Use Your Metric Scale
Equipment: Drafting Kit #1
• Drafting Pencil
• Other common drafting items
Instruction Set 3
Sketching, Lettering, and Lines
Properly sketching lines, circles, arcs and multiviews; sketching techniques.
Basic Drafting Math
Basic math ground rules; signs of operation and how they are represented in drafting.
Equipment: Drafting Kit #2
Instruction Set 4
Drafting Equipment, Media, and Reproduction Methods
Equipment and supplies used in the industry; scales; scales and drafting machine verniers; drafting media.
Orthographic Projection (Sketching)
Size and shape description; the three regular views of drafting; the six principal views of orthographic projection.
Drawing parallel and perpendicular lines; constructing bisectors; drawing polygons, tangencies, and ellipses.
Project Booklet - Applied Geometry
Learning Aid: Orthographic Sketching Workbook
Equipment: Drafting Kit #3
• Lettering Guide
• Drafting Pencil
Instruction Set 5
Multiviews and Auxiliary Views
Drawing single-view and multiview drawings; first- and third-angle projection.
Dimensioning systems; correct tolerancing techniques.
Sections, Revolutions, and Conventional Breaks
Making sectional views; modifying standard sectioning techniques.
Instruction Set 6
Establishing basic dimensions; identifying proper feature control frames; determining the virtual condition of features.
Complete sets of working drawings; preparing engineering changes.
Drawing three-dimensional objects using 3-D coordinates; isometric, dimetric, or trimetric drawings; one-, two-, or three-point perspective.
Instruction Set 7
Introduction to Windows®
The Windows® operating system; creating files and folders.
Start-up; using Windows® accessories; using desktop commands; using Windows® Explorer.
Working wth AutoCAD®, Part 1
Getting started with AutoCAD®; fundamentals.
Working with AutoCAD®, Part 2
Fundamentals of AutoCAD® operations.
Project Booklet - AutoCAD® Basic Commands
Textbooks: Discovering AutoCAD®
Software: Access to a free, 3-year student version of AutoCAD® from Autodesk.
Instruction Set 8
Working with AutoCAD®, Part 3
Dimensioning; plotting/printing; hatching and boundries; block references.
Working with AutoCAD®, Part 4
External references; DesignCenter; utility commands; the Internet.
Working with AutoCAD®, Part 5
3D; rendering tablet and digitizing; customizing; visual lisp.
Project Booklet - AutoCAD Commands: Blocks and Layers
Instruction Set 9
Structural Drafting with Basic Architectural Applications
Preparing a complete set of structural drawings; drawing a site plan.
Project Booklet - Structural Drafting with AutoCAD®
Drawing transit lines for roadway layouts; drawing plans and profiles from survey information.
Project Booklet - Civil Drafting with AutoCAD®
Instruction Set 10
Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning
Function of HVAC systems; preparing complete HVAC drawings.
Project Booklet - HVAC/Sheet Metal Drafting with AutoCAD®
Electrical and Electronic Schematic Drafting
Drawing electrical diagrams and cable assemblies; making a set of electrical power system substation plans; drawing an industrial electrical schematic; drawing electronic block and schematic diagrams.
Project Booklet - Electrical and Electronic Schematic Drafting with AutoCAD®
Project Booklet - Drafting with AutoCAD® Elective Project